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What Is The Minsk Agreement

Minsk II is the result of a marathon night negotiation session and provides a detailed roadmap for the resolution of the conflict. The 13-point plan begins with a ceasefire and the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front, which will be monitored by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). An exchange of „everything for all“ prisoners, local elections and an amnesty for combatants must follow; Both sides should ensure that humanitarian assistance flows safely over humanitarian assistance and work towards the socio-economic reintegration of areas held by separatist areas. Ukraine promises to implement constitutional amendments to provide for „decentralization“; in return, all „foreign armed formations“ will be withdrawn and Ukraine will regain control of its state borders. But the agreement is peppered with loose language and the sequence of many steps is very convoluted. Then-Ukrainian President Poroshenko hated making political concessions to the separatists without a proper ceasefire. As a result, the Minsk-2 agreement was never fully implemented. But Poroshenko`s successor, Volodymyr Zelensky, has now set out to finally implement the peace agreement. The Protocol on the Results of the Consultations of the Trilateral Contact Group, commonly known as the Minsk Protocol, is an agreement on the cessation of the war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, signed on 5 September 2014 by representatives of that country, the Russian Federation, the Donetsk People`s Republic (DPR), the Luhansk People`s Republic (LPR) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

[1] [2] [3] It was signed after lengthy discussions in Minsk, Belarus, under the auspices of the OSCE. The agreement, which followed several earlier attempts to end fighting in Donbass, implemented an immediate ceasefire. It failed to end the fighting in Donbass,[4] and a new package of measures called Minsk II followed, which was agreed on 12 February 2015. [5] This too could not stop the fighting, but the Minsk agreements remain the basis for any future solution to the conflict, as agreed at the Normandy format meeting. But Minsk is generally perceived as a bad deal, which Ukraine has little incentive to implement, as its essence runs directly counter to Ukraine`s interests in Euro-Atlantic integration, national unity, social cohesion and true equality for all. Russian President Vladimir Putin was the only one smiling when it was completed in February 2015. Russia`s impending regional presence, Europe`s eagerness to strike a deal with the continent`s largest army, and the U.S. reluctance to fight that army left Kiev with Minsk as their only option. Although it did not stop Russia`s intervention, the agreement was a useful tool to keep all parties at the table and kinetic activity low. But, as usual, Moscow remains ready for invasion; The Russian armed forces have been registered along the border since their inception in 1991. Ukraine will always be where Russia wants it to be: right next door and at the mercy of the Kremlin. The full text of the agreement reads as follows:[44][45] .

none of the leaders themselves signed the agreements, but left it to other representatives of the European ceasefire antagonists and observers, sending a discreet signal that they did not take full responsibility for the outcome. [Chancellor Angela] Merkel noted that Putin must put pressure on rebel leaders to sign. While the 2015 Ukrainian local elections were scheduled for October 25, the head of the DPR, Alexander Zakharchenko, issued a decree on July 2 ordering the denunciation of local elections in the DPR on October 18. [68] He stated that this action was „in accordance with the Minsk agreements.“ [69] According to Zakharchenko, this decision meant that the DPR had „begun to independently implement the Minsk agreements.“ [69] Zakharchenko said that the elections would take place „on the basis of the Ukrainian law on the temporary autonomous status of the individual districts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions,“ as long as they are not contrary to the Constitution and laws of the DPR. [69] As long as Minsk-2 is not respected, the EU will maintain its sanctions against Russia – a measure that many Western countries have supported. .

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