The Topological Transformation of Freud’s Theory by Jean-Gérard Bursztein

By Jean-Gérard Bursztein

During this publication Jean-Gérard Bursztein offers his interpreting of psychoanalysis, within the spirit of its founder Sigmund Freud. He follows the trail laid out via the one different psychoanalyst who has provided a finished method of the self-discipline, Jacques Lacan. it may be transparent that the difficulty at stake isn't really to provide Freud's or Lacan's theories of their personal phrases. The name of this English translation of Bursztein's paintings shows this explicitly: Freud's conception has been reworked. it's been remodeled by way of his rapid fans, a few of whom trimmed it right down to exclude even the dying drive–which used to be certainly one of Freud's basic rules. Such adjustments will be thought of to not be trustworthy to Freud's discoveries. Freud's thought has additionally been remodeled by way of Lacan, who, within the mid-fifties of the 20 th century, all started a lifelong company to recast it in a truly fruitful debate with the sciences and the arts. the sort of transformation introduced through Lacan used to be (somewhat mockingly) essential to exhibit that Freud's findings are of the maximum significance for the knowledge of subjectivity.

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First, it is with the loss of the voice that the imaginary dimension of the gaze is deployed in a link to the Real, as the body and the image of the body are situated in the imaginary dimension of the gaze. Then, it is with the loss of the gaze that the symbolic dimension of the voice becomes detached from and linked to the dimension of the Real, to the affects of the originary fusion. These subjective alternations of fusion/lack of being, of pleasure and displeasure, of frustration and castration express topologically the putting into place of the Real, the Symbolic, the Imaginary and the object (a) in the field of their topological neighbouring.

In the telling of the case, Emma’s genitals are touched by the old grocer, who represents the father. Different modalities of jouissance emerge from the beaten child phantasy: • Evocation of the forbidden masturbatory phantasy, resting on drivesatisfaction brought about by phallic jouissance, (JΦ). • Masochism, which evokes jouissance in turning oneself into alienated object of the parental Other’s demand–on the basis of phallic jouissance obtained from masturbation. Lacan defines it as jouissance of the Other, (JO), (which does not exist).

However, the conflict surges again and again through the body as new illnesses and disturbances. It does not cease to express itself under the guise of permanent dissatisfaction. Clinical experience shows that the worldwide extension of the dominant discourses–science and technology–generates new forms of symptoms and complaints. Feelings of inexistence, emptiness, and unreality affect men and women when confronted with a new freedom and new modalities of family organisation. 2 It is easy to see that it is a continuation of minimal perverse features colouring the social bond (studies in history show that on the whole, civilisations offer a form of perverse sociability, “panem et circences”, to its subjects, in small or big ways).

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