The Microstructural Border Between the Motor and the by Stefan Geyer

By Stefan Geyer

Over the final years, a number of experiences have supplied new insights into the structural and useful association of the human cortical motor method. the knowledge reviewed during this ebook point out that awesome similarities were discovered among people and non-human primates.

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8 shows a sagittal section through the reconstructed volume (brain no. 646/79) that corresponds to section no. 1441 of the same brain (cf. Fig. 5). Area 6 is marked in white; the topography of the border between area 6 and the PFC (arrow) corresponds to the schematic drawing in Fig. 7 (bottom). Each histological volume (with the representation of area 6) was then spatially normalized to the reference brain of the computerized atlas. The ten normalized volumes were superimposed in the 3-D space of the reference brain and a population map of area 6 was generated (Fig.

The next step is to interpret and classify the cytoarchitectonic entities by comparing their features with descriptions published in the literature. The most famous cytoarchitectonic parcellation is Brodmann's (1909) map. Unfortunately, Brodmann's publications (1903, 1908, 1909) contain almost no verbal descriptions and no photomicrographs of each area's cytoarchitectonic features. Instead, he only briefly comments on their topography. The map shows each area's location and extent only on the exposed cortical surface.

They adopted a more "neutral" nomenclature. This parcellation has subsequently been confirmed with other techniques, such as determination of cytoarchitecture (Matelli et al. 1991), receptor auto radiographic mapping of binding sites of classical neurotransmitters (Geyer et al. 1998a; Zilles et al. 1995), and, most recently, immunohistochemical staining of neurofilament proteins with monoclonal antibody SMI-32 (Gabernet et al. 1999; Geyer et al. 1998b, 2000c; Matelli et al. 1996; Petrides et al.

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