Silicon-on-Insulator Technology: Materials to VLSI by Jean-Pierre Colinge (auth.)

By Jean-Pierre Colinge (auth.)

5. 2. contrast among thick- and thin-film units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 five. three. I-V features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 five. three. 1. Threshold voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eleven 2 five. three . 2. physique effecL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 eight five. three. three. Short-channel results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one hundred twenty five. three. four. Output features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 24 five. four. Transconductance and mobility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 five. four. 1 Transconductance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 five. four. 2. Mobility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one hundred thirty five. five. Subthreshold slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 five. 6. impression ionization and high-field results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . thirteen nine five. 6. 1. Kink effecL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 39 five. 6. 2. Hot-electron degradation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 five. 7. Parasitic bipolar results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a hundred forty five five. 7. 1. Anomalous subthreshold slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 forty five five. 7. 2. lowered drain breakdown voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7 five. eight. Accumulation-mode p-channel MOSFET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 nine bankruptcy 6 - different SOl units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 five nine 6. 1. Non-conventional units tailored from bulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 6. 1. 1. COMFET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one hundred sixty 6. 1. 2. High-voltage lateral MOSFET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1 6. 1. three. PIN photodiode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 6. 1. four. JFET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 6. 2. Novel SOl units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 6. 2. 1. Lubistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 6. 2. 2. Bipolar-MOS gadget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 6. 2. three. Double-gate MOSFET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 sixty nine 6. 2. four. Bipolar transistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 6. 2. five. Optical modulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 seventy four bankruptcy 7 - The sm MOSFET working in a Harsh surroundings. . . . . . . . 1 seventy seven 7. 1. Radiation atmosphere. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 7 7. 1. 1. SEU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 7. 1. 2. overall dose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a hundred and eighty 7. 1. three. Dose-rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 eight four 7. 2. High-temperature operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 eighty five 7. 2. 1. Leakage currents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Silicon-on-Insulator Technology: Materials to VLSI

Five. 2. contrast among thick- and thin-film units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 five. three. I-V features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 five. three. 1. Threshold voltage .

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If a sinusoidal scanning is used, the position of the beam is given by y(t) = W sin (2xft), and the deposited energy, which is proportional to the dweIl time at the position y, is significantly higher at the edges of the scanned line (y=W) than at its center (y=O). 2). 73]. 2. Seeding and wafer heating Two seeding techniques have been proved to be successful when used with e-beam recrystallization. 1). 77]. The second technique makes use of a periodic seeding structure. 72]. Back-side heating of the wafers is needed in order to reduce the thermal stress across the wafer during recrystallization.

108]. 115]. The major disadvantage of the ELO technique is the nearly 1: 1 lateral-to-vertical growth ratio, which means that a 10 Jlm-thick film must be grown to cover 20 Jlm32 Homoevitaxial Techniques wide oxide patterns (10 11m from each side). 108]. 216]. 5. I: Epitaxial Lateral Overgrowth (ELO): growth from seeding windows (A), coalescence of adjacent crystals (B), selfplanarization of the surface (C). 118]. 2). With this method, a 7: 1 lateral-to-vertical growth ratio has been obtained. 2: Principle of tunnel epitaxy [2.

The physics of zone-melting recrystallization is rather independent on the type of radiation source used (graphite strip heater or focussed lamp system), but it is quite different from that of laser recrystallization. Indeed, the dweIl time (time during which a portion of silicon is exposed to the beam) is in the order of a millisecond or less in the case of cw laser processing, while the dweIl time is in the order of seconds in the case of ZMR. The thermal gradients are also quite different: in a typical laser recrystallization experiment, the substrate is heated to 300-600°C, while ZMR uses preheating temperatures between 1100 and 1350°C.

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