By Manuel de Vega, Margaret Jean Intons-Peterson, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Michel Denis, Marc Marschark
This moment quantity within the Counterpoints sequence, which explores concerns in psychology, baby improvement, linguistics, and neuroscience, makes a speciality of replacement versions of visual-spatial processing in human cognition. this article deals prolonged chapters from 3 of the main revered and famous investigators within the box: Michel Denis, Margaret Intons-Peterson, and Philip Johnson-Laird. Denis considers the function of psychological imagery in spatial cognition and topographical orientation; photographs are considered as a kind of psychological illustration that's just like real-world gadgets. Intons-Peterson examines spatial illustration in non permanent, or working-memory, contemplating the connection of visual-spatial strategies to topics' expectancies and person alterations. Johnson-Laird methods the difficulty of visual-spatial illustration from a "mental versions" point of view, contemplating the connection of pictures to varied cognitive occasions. The editors supply a ancient and theoretical creation; and a last bankruptcy integrates the arguments of the chapters, delivering rules approximately new instructions and new examine designs.
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Extra info for Models of Visuospatial Cognition (Counterpoints: Cognition, Memory, and Language)
These strange results prompted an onslaught of research as investigators tested various 38 MODELS OF VISUOSPATIAL COGNITION theories about the reasons for the results. One possibility was that not enough information was given to the subjects about possible changes. For example, Hyman and Neisser (1991; Hyman, 1993) gave both abstract and conceptual cues about what to examine. " In general, the conceptual cue prompted more reversals than did the abstract cue. These data suggest that subjects may be able to reverse imaginal ambiguous stimuli if they receive explicit hints about "viewing" their images.
At this level, images will likely involve isolated aspects of a larger episode, such as the physical appearance of the protagonist, or to units larger than a single sentence, such as a scene described in a paragraph or chapter, rather than the units typically scored in studies of prose memory. , 1987; Perrig, 1988, p. 155) A related view is that information in long-term memory involves cognitive, amodal representation. Consider the construction of the meaning of a sentence from its component words.
This possibility was vitiated by M. A. Peterson's (1993) demonstration that subjects rarely gave the name of the reversal when cued with the name of the other form of the figure. The research with ambiguous figures suggests that subjects are able to reconstrue the figures imaginally, but only when their interpretation, understanding, or expectation is for the appropriate reference frame only when the image is compatible with language-guided knowledge of the world. Reisberg and Logie (1993) take a different perspective as they argue that reference frames (interpretations) limit what can be learned from images.