Japan’s Disaster Governance: How was the 3.11 Crisis by Itoko Suzuki

By Itoko Suzuki

Natural failures are usually multifaceted and reason serious harm. mess ups initiated in the neighborhood can develop into nationwide or even international crises. Today’s global urgently wishes a brand new physique of data and strategies for the mitigation of and reaction to catastrophe. critical to this sort of physique of information are catastrophe preparedness, emergency and drawback administration platforms of presidency, of which potential construction is changing into an more and more very important aspect in public management, administration and governance. this present day, mess ups are to be controlled via sound neighborhood, nationwide, and international governance, via all of the levels of preparedness, prevention, mitigation after which to reduction, restoration and re-construction. in the course of these kinds of levels, executive performs an important role.

This ebook presents a case of the catastrophe governance of Japan, via proposing info and analyses on what occurred within the value nine nice East Japan Earthquake that triggered the massive tsunami and the INES point 7 Fukushima nuclear energy crops injuries on March eleven, 2011. In interpreting this eastern case research, this booklet illustrates the socio-economic harm of the components including the general photograph of the failures. It examines Japan’s means for catastrophe governance and it’s concern administration method in line with the main devastating catastrophe that the rustic has ever encountered because the finish of WWII. It additionally bargains initial findings realized from this event within the Japan’s public management and governance structures, challenged to be extra in charge and obvious in the course of the restoration and reconstruction efforts now in progress.

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As for Miyagi and Fukushima, the prefecture disaster management headquarters remain for the time being. In Iwate Prefecture, a new Reconstruction Bureau was established as a permanent inner organization by integrating the existing planning functions in the prefecture government. Similarly in Miyagi, a new Earthquake Reconstruction Planning Department was organized as a permanent body. In Fukushima, the Great East Japan Earthquake Recovery and Reconstruction Headquarters, headed by the governor, was organized as an institution to smoothly promote recovery and reconstruction.

It was established as a special organization under and external agency of the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Trade (METI). METI has authorities to provide a license for a commercial nuclear reactor installment, and is essentially a promoter of NPS creation according to related national policies. It has definitive authorities and functions for the safety regulations. Minister in charge of METI delegates these regulatory functions to NISA, which makes independent decisions or may consult proposed decision with the Minister for METI.

To deliver information to those about the current situation of their former residence, such as the progress of recovery and reconstruction, the damaged municipal governments should have the current residence information of the former residents. For the purpose the nationwide evacuee information exchange system was introduced based on the collaboration among the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, prefecture governments, and municipality governments. In this system, evacuees may register their currently residing addresses at their residing municipal governments so that these municipal governments deliver the address information received to the former residing prefecture/municipality governments.

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