By Avner Falk
This can be the 1st and merely ebook to check the Crusades from the further point of view of psychoanalysis, learning the hidden feelings and fantasies that drove the Crusaders and the Muslims to adopt their bad wars. The reader will study that the inner most and strongest reasons for the Crusades weren't in simple terms non secular or territorial - or the search for lands, wealth or titles - but in addition subconscious feelings and fantasies approximately one's state, one's faith, one's enemies, God and the satan, Us and Them. The booklet additionally demonstrates the collective lack of ability to mourn large-group losses and the collective wishes of huge teams resembling countries and religions to enhance a transparent identification, to have obstacles, and to have enemies and allies. factors which the Crusaders and the Muslims weren't conscious of have been one of the strongest in riding a number of centuries of bad and likely never-ending warfare.
Notes in regards to the author(s)
Dr Avner Falk is an internationally-known Israeli student within the interdisciplinary fields of psychohistory and political psychology. as well as an extended profession in medical psychology and psychotherapy, he has released dozens of articles and ten books in those fields, in addition to in psychobiography, psychogeography, the psychoanalysis of literature, and different parts of utilized psychoanalysis. His psychobiography of Barack Obama is because of be released in summer time 2010.
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Extra info for Franks and Saracens: Reality and Fantasy in the Crusades
The appellation of “Holy Land” for Palestine, which, in that century, was conquered from the Byzantines by the invading Muslims, was a fantasy. It was based on the religious belief that the land in which Jesus Christ was born and cruciﬁed was holy. This belief unconsciously came from a longing for a Great Good Mother who was holy and unblemished, like the Virgin Mary. Like many peoples who are unable to mourn their collective losses, the Byzantine Greeks seem to have immersed themselves in their past and sought to recover their losses.
The Romans called their land Francia. Historians of human migrations think that the “Frankish” ethnic identify began to coalesce after 250 CE through the amalgamation of smaller Germanic tribes, just as the Teutonic identity encompassed several “savage” Germanic tribes worshipping several gods. One of the ancient Germanic tribes mentioned by the Romans were the Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni (unlike our obsessional “correct spelling”, ancient spellings often varied). Their name in Old German (as in modern German, alle Männer) meant “all men”, but the Romans probably had no idea of this.
260 before the Romans succeeded in expelling them. From around 290 the Franci ruled the area around the River Scheldt (now in the Netherlands and Belgium) and raided the “English Channel” between Gaul and Britain to foil Roman shipping there. The Romans managed to get control of the area, but they did not expel the Franci, who continued their pirate raids on the coast until 358, when the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate invited the Salii, or “Salian Franks”, to settle in his empire as foederati, or allies, of Rome.