Fear and Anxiety in Virtual Reality: Investigations of cue by Hannah Genheimer

By Hannah Genheimer

Virtual realities supply a superb software in anxiousness learn. a terror conditioning research investigates and illustrates the improvement of tension issues in people. Hannah Genheimer describes the clinical historical past of worry and anxiousness and offers an empirical learn in a hugely managed digital setting. Psychophysiological in addition to subjective information at the contributors’ worry and anxiousness essentially express contextual worry conditioning. Cue conditioning within the mild of one-trial studying is mentioned. the consequences emphasize the promising program of digital environments in psychotherapy.

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Extra resources for Fear and Anxiety in Virtual Reality: Investigations of cue and context conditioning in virtual environment

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Their task was to estimate if they perceived an electric stimulus in the conditioning phase exactly at that very moment when the picture was taken. Subjects’ answers, which ranged from 0 (surely no US was administered) to 100 (surely there was an US administered), were given via a keyboard. Importantly, a rating of 50 signified no tendency at all. So, data were tested in t-tests with one sample against the value of 50 for all three screenshot categories CXT+US, CXT+noUS and CXT-. As Figure 6 demonstrates, screenshots depicting the safety context were rarely associated with an US.

2 New screenshots As a next step, screenshots were taken of the virtual environment from which pictures could be selected serving as stimuli in the test-phase. These pictures of the office contexts were presented in the main experiment to evoke event-related brain potentials. For that reason, starting the pre-recorded path through the offices, screenshots of the virtual rooms were taken every 2 seconds. Excluding pictures of the corridor, 42 potential stimuli in each room were created for the EEG experiment.

The data of these subjects were included in analyses, because on the one hand, data had no influence on results regarding to significant values, and on the other hand, the relevant trial still contained one elicited US and can therefore be regarded as fear conditioning trial. However, in EEG Data reduction and analysis 37 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ recordings as well as in contingency ratings, the particular stimulus was excluded for the eight participants.

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