Core knowledge and conceptual change by David Barner

By David Barner

We gather recommendations comparable to "atom," "force," "integer," and "democracy" lengthy when we are born; those suggestions are usually not a part of the preliminary cognitive country of people. different techniques like "object," "cause," or "agent" might be current early in infancy--if now not innately. methods of swap ensue all through our conceptual improvement, which activates key questions: Which human innovations represent innate, center wisdom? How do people collect new thoughts, and the way do those suggestions switch in development?

Core wisdom and Conceptual Change presents a distinct theoretical and empirical advent to the learn of conceptual improvement, documenting key advances in case reviews, together with ground-breaking technology on human representations of language, items, quantity, occasions, colour, area, time, ideals, and needs. also, it explores how people interact in ethical reasoning and causal rationalization: Are people born solid and tainted via a less than perfect international, or will we have to train kids to be ethical? may possibly an idea like "freedom" be woven into the human soul, or is it a historic invention, developed over generations of people? Written by way of an eminent checklist of members popular in baby improvement and cognitive technology, this publication delves generally, and deeply, into the cognitive instruments to be had at delivery which are repurposed, mixed, and remodeled to complicated, summary grownup conceptual representations, and will be of curiosity to developmental psychologists, linguists, philosophers, and scholars of cognitive science.

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They think of size as global bigness, conflating volume with other aspects of spatial extent. They think of solids and liquids as substantial (they can be seen, touched, and felt), but they do not realize that (solid) objects are constituted of materials. They say that wax turns into water when it melts and that liquids cease to exist when they evaporate. Thus, solids and non-​solids are ontologically very different from their scientific counterparts. Young students’ epistemology, which includes “the senses tell the truth” and “models are copies of reality,” is also radically different from that in the upper anchor (see Smith & Wiser, 2013, for further discussion of all these issues).

Small changes, carefully sequenced and directed over a long period of time, could amount to large changes in the structure of a system of concepts, without destabilizing the system—​that is, without creating widespread confusion and disbelief. These assumptions frame our understanding of what underlies deep conceptual change in science learning. They explain why too few students achieve it in traditionally taught classes, why novel curricula could support it, although they are challenging to design, and why learning from them cannot be hurried.

Motion illusions as optimal percepts. Nature Neuroscience, 5(6), 598–604. , & Schweinle, A. (2003). Infants’ use of speed information to individuate objects in occlusion events. Infant Behavior and Development, 26(2), 253–282. , & Baillargeon, R. (1998). Object individuation in infancy: The use of featural information in reasoning about occlusion events. Cognitive Psychology, 37, 97–155. Williams, J. , & Lombrozo, T. (2010) The role of explanation in discovery and generalization: Evidence from category learning.

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