Circadian Clocks by Fred W. Turek, Joseph S. Takahashi (auth.), Joseph S.

By Fred W. Turek, Joseph S. Takahashi (auth.), Joseph S. Takahashi, Fred W. Turek, Robert Y. Moore (eds.)

The Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology sequence offers with the elements of neurosciences that experience the main direct and instant concerning habit. It offers the most up-tp-date examine on hand within the particular parts of sensory modalities. This quantity explores circadian rhythms.

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Circadian Clocks

The guide of Behavioral Neurobiology sequence offers with the elements of neurosciences that experience the main direct and fast pertaining to habit. It provides the most up-tp-date learn to be had within the particular parts of sensory modalities. This quantity explores circadian rhythms.

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B) Entrainment of an oscillation by zeitgebers of high and low frequency. Here IjI is the phase angle difference between peaks in the oscillation and zeitgeber. (From Aschoff, 1979a. ) The dependence of I\J on T has been experimentally evaluated for many different organisms simply by recording their circadian rhythms in light-dark cycles of different periods. Representative examples from a host of studies in vertebrates, insects, and plants are shown in Figure 7. In most of these studies, more extreme zeitgeber periods were evaluated than those shown, but these were unable to generate steady-state entrainment.

In most of these studies, more extreme zeitgeber periods were evaluated than those shown, but these were unable to generate steady-state entrainment. The range of entrainment turns out to be smaller in most vertebrates than in the insects studied, and is often much wider in plants. In every species, I\J is positively associated with T. The slope of this dependence is, however, very different for different circadian systems. As a general rule, the change in I\J per hour of change in Tis larger in systems with a narrower range of entrainment.

Information on the entraining capacity of other factors is scarce. Convincing demonstrations are available for the zeitgeber action of air pressure (Hayden & Lindberg, 1969), meal timing (see Chapter 12), hoarding opportunity (Rusak, Mistlberger, Losier, &Jones, 1988), wheel-running opportunity (Edgar & Dement, 1991), and species-specific song (Gwinner, 1966; Menaker & Eskin, 1966). Periodic song is one example of a factor potentially involved in social entrainment. Social entrainment has been studied in a number of systems.

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