Archive For The “European” Category
By Tonio Andrade, William Reger (eds.)
This quantity, released in honor of historian Geoffrey Parker, explores the operating of ecu empires in a world viewpoint, concentrating on probably the most vital issues of Parker’s paintings: the bounds of empire, that is to assert, the centrifugal forces - sacral, dynastic, army, diplomatic, geographical, informational - that plagued imperial formations within the early sleek interval (1500-1800). in this time of wrenching technological, demographic, climatic, and monetary swap, empires needed to fight with new non secular pursuits, incipient nationalisms, new sea routes, new army applied sciences, and an evolving kingdom procedure with complicated new ideas of international relations. enticing with a number of present debates, the chapters during this booklet become independent from from traditional old conceptions of empire as an primarily western phenomenon with transparent demarcation traces among the colonizer and the colonized. those are changed the following by means of even more fluid and refined conceptions that spotlight complicated interplays among coalitions of rulers and governed. In so doing, the quantity builds upon contemporary paintings that more and more means that empires easily couldn't exist with no the consent in their imperial topics, or at the least major teams of them. This used to be as precise for the British Raj because it used to be for imperial China or Russia. when the 13 chapters during this e-book concentrate on a few geographic areas and undertake diversified methods, each one stocks a spotlight on, and curiosity in, the operating of empires and the ways in which imperial formations handled - or didn't take care of - the demanding situations that beset them. Taken jointly, they mirror a brand new part within the evolving historiography of empire. additionally they mirror the scholarly contributions of the dedicatee, Geoffrey Parker, whose lifestyles and paintings are mentioned within the introductory chapters and, we’re proud to assert, in a pleasant bankruptcy through Parker himself, an autobiographical mirrored image that closes the publication.
By Stefanie Walter
Stefanie Walter examines the visibility of ecu Union electorate within the mass mediated eu public sphere and argues that it might support facilitate an alternate among decision-makers and traditional voters. the consequences convey that during comparability to different actor teams, similar to political events or civil society agencies, the visibility of ecu Union electorate isn't marginal. but, similar to the eu Union citizenry that turns into noticeable through the scoop media continues to be nationally entrenched and references to a really ecu citizenry are infrequent. The examine additionally makes use of multilevel regressions to give an explanation for the visibility of eu Union voters within the information assurance. The empirical analyses are according to a large-scale content material research of television information and newspaper articles of the 2009 ecu Parliament election.p>
By Rainer Arnold
The publication considers the alterations which nationwide sovereignty has gone through during the supranational eu integration. In quite a few contributions by way of popular teachers and excessive judges exhibit the intense affects of supranationality at the ecu member states or even on 3rd international locations that are hooked up with the european by means of overseas treaties. It turns into transparent that primacy of european legislation, the main major expression of supra-nationality, collides with nationwide sovereignty as anchored within the nationwide constitutions. The reports in actual fact express that almost all member states don't totally deny european legislations primacy yet are conscious of the necessity to locate an sufficient stability among the supranational and the nationwide orders. the end result from the analyses of the authors from a number of eu international locations is that the approaching constitutional paradigm is “constitutional identity”, an idea confirmed by means of jurisprudence in Germany, France, Czech Republic (without being named so) and debated additionally in Poland which, herself, denies supranational impression at the nationwide structure totally.
Studies on chosen european member states make clear the categorical nationwide methods in the direction of the constraints in their sovereignty as built through the constitutional jurisprudence (Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Italy, Germany with comparative references to uk and France). it really is illuminated that characteristically robust sovereignty strategies (UK, France) are significantly relativized and functionally opened in the direction of the combination demanding situations. easy matters are in addition mirrored, resembling the supranational impression at the State’s strength to reform its structure, the relation of nationwide and constitutional id and the nationwide and supranational views of identification. The e-book additionally contains Europe past the ecu via study at the supranational personality of organization treaties (from a Ukrainian standpoint) and at the Europeanization of a 3rd kingdom getting ready european club (Albania).
By Veronika Howe
Eine der am stärksten vom Klimawandel betroffenen Städte Europas ist die italienische Lagunenstadt Venedig. Mithilfe der Wettbewerbskriterien des „European eco-friendly Capital Awards“ (EGCA) untersucht Veronika Howe mögliche Schritte einer umweltgerechten Stadtentwicklung, bei der die größten Herausforderungen in Venedig, Massentourismus und Abwanderung aufs Festland, integriert werden könnten. Dabei spielt der conversation zwischen Stadtverwaltung, Bewohnern und örtlichen Unternehmen eine besondere Rolle, um Informationen über Umweltauswirkungen in der Stadtplanung obvious zu machen und die Grundlage für verbindliche Vereinbarungen zu schaffen. Zudem können einer bis dahin „ewig versinkenden Stadt“ neue Perspektiven aufgezeigt und mithilfe einer gesicherten Umweltentwicklung Potenziale für Wirtschaft und Gemeinschaftsleben entfaltet werden.
By Tilo Dresig
In der Praxis lässt sich derzeit die Herausbildung einer breiten Palette sporadisch durchgeführter Finanzinnovationen (z.B. Strom-Futures, Cat-Bonds) beobachten. Aufgrund der unzureichenden wissenschaftlichen Aufarbeitung notwendiger Konstruktionsmerkmale von Finanzinstrumenten scheitert jedoch ein Großteil der experimentell eingeführten Produkte. Tilo Dresig untersucht, welche konkreten Anforderungen an die Handelbarkeit von Risiken zu stellen sind. Er erarbeitet eine grundlegende Typologie der Handelsmöglichkeiten, systematisiert die Handelsfunktionen und leitet daraus einen differenzierten Kriterienkatalog ab. Die gewonnenen Ergebnisse haben weitreichende Konsequenzen für die Gestaltung neuer Finanzinstrumente und den zukünftigen Wettbewerb zwischen Banken, Versicherungen und Börsen.
By Donald Graham Valentine (auth.)
THE production OF THE court docket OF JUSTICE OF the ecu COAL AND metal group On ninth may perhaps, 1950, M. Robert Schuman, the then overseas Minister of France, conversing at a Press convention in Paris, defined the belief of creating a neighborhood inside Europe to manage the construction of coal and metal. "The French Govern ment", he said, "propose to put the total of the Franco German creation of coal and metal less than a typical excessive authority! inside of an corporation open to the participatio~ of different international locations of Europe ... this may shape the 1st concrete step in the direction of a ecu Federation, that is essential for peace" 2. This assertion, except the categorical point out of a excessive authority, doesn't point out any proposed organs of this sort of group, and, as will look, no company inspiration of the Community's constitution existed in any respect at that date. Six weeks after this assertion in Paris, a convention composed of the six States that have been to shape the Coal and metal four Community3 met less than the presidency of M. Monnet • This convention endured its paintings "consciencieux et discret, rue five Martignac" till March, 1951 • the 1st reference that one reveals to a judicial organ to regulate the task of the group is inside the record sub mitted by way of the Commissariat common au Plan 6. compared to 1 The time period is given in small letters as an outline instead of as a identify. 2 Bulletin Q.uotidien, eleventh may perhaps, 1950.
By C. J. Keith van Rijsbergen (auth.), Maristella Agosti, Fabio Crestani, Gabriella Pasi (eds.)
Information Retrieval (IR) is worried with the powerful and effective retrieval of knowledge according to its semantic content material. The imperative challenge in IR is the hunt to discover the set of correct records, between a wide assortment containing the knowledge sought, gratifying a user's details desire often expressed in a normal language question. files can be items or goods in any medium: textual content, photograph, audio, or certainly a mix of all 3. This ebook offers 12 revised lectures given on the 3rd eu summer time college in info Retrieval, ESSIR 2000, held on the Villa Monastero, Varenna, Italy, in September 2000. the 1st a part of the booklet is dedicated to the basis of IR and similar components; the second one half on complicated subject matters addresses a variety of present matters, from usability facets to net looking out and browsing.
By Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić, Sir John Daniel (auth.), Davinia Hernández-Leo, Tobias Ley, Ralf Klamma, Andreas Harrer (eds.)
This publication constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the eighth eu convention on expertise greater studying, EC-TEL 2013, held in Paphos, Cyprus, in September 2013. The 31 complete papers, 18 brief papers, 14 demonstrations and 29 posters offered have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from 194 submissions. The papers are prepared in topical sections. the themes addressed contain open academic assets (OER), vast open on-line classes (MOOC), faculties of the long run, orchestration of studying actions, studying networks, instructor networks, deliver your individual equipment (BYOD), social media, studying analytics, personalization, cellular studying, computer-supported collaborative studying, game-based and simulation-based studying, and studying design.
By J. M. Farley, R. W. Nichols
Non-Destructive trying out, quantity four includes the lawsuits of the Fourth eu convention held in London on September 13-17, 1987. participants discover various issues relating to non-destructive trying out (NDT), together with ultrasonic options, ultrasonic structures, electromagnetic options, tracking of plant and buildings, and magnetic particle and penetrant recommendations.
This textual content is produced from ninety eight chapters; the 1st of which describes an ultrasonic approach for the review of the fats content material of dwell pork animals for breeding reasons. awareness then turns to measurements of the longitudinal ultrasonic wave attenuation in spheroidal graphite iron try out items subjected to fatigue a lot. The chapters that persist with concentrate on ultrasonic imaging; dry coupling probes; a professional method for ultrasonic exam of gas rods; engineering and scientific functions of diagnostic ultrasound; and sign processing of 3D maps of eddy currents. The reader is additionally methodically brought to automation of eddy present trying out; using synthetic intelligence in vibration-based future health tracking; automatic inspection of magnetic debris; and the idea and perform of acoustic emission. this article concludes with a bankruptcy that stories the NDT learn application of the nationwide NDT middle of Harwell Laboratory within the united kingdom.
This e-book may be of curiosity to fabrics scientists, fabrics engineers, and metallurgists.
By Christina Howells
This publication is a accomplished research of the writings of Jean-Paul Sartre. in addition to studying the drama and the fiction, the publication analyses the evolution of his philosophy, explores his situation with ethics, psychoanalysis, literary idea, biography and autobiography and contains a long part at the nonetheless much-neglected learn of Flaubert, L'Idiot de los angeles famille. One very important target of the booklet is to rebut the fees made by way of many theorists and philosophers by means of revealing that Sartre is actually a tremendous resource for ideas resembling the decentred topic and detotalised fact and for the insurrection opposed to individualistic humanism. Dr Howells additionally takes into consideration a lot posthumously released fabric, specifically the Chaiers pour une morale, but additionally the Lettres au Castor and the Cranets de l. a. drole de guerre. The paintings is a considerable contribution to Sartre reviews, yet has been written with the non-specialist in brain; therefore all quotations are translated into English and amassed in an appendix.